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2020 Federal Income Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year

by | 02-2-2020 | file tax

tax rates

Your tax rate depends on your filing status: MFJ, MFS, Single, HOH, and QW.

The IRS (Internal Revenue Service) taxes income using a graduated scale. A tax bracket is the tax rate that applies to a specific range of income. The way it works is the more you earn, the higher your tax rate. Tax rates go from 10% to 37%.

Tax brackets vary depending on your amount of taxable income and the filing status you use to file your taxes. The filing statuses are divided into these categories: Married Filing Jointly (MFJ), Married Filing Separately (MFS), Single, Head of Household (HOH), and Qualifying Widow(er) with dependent(s) (QW). The tax rate for QW is the same as that for MFJ.

In the first section, the tax brackets are grouped by the tax rate. You can see the tax rate in the first column with the income level that applies to these tax rates in the second column.

In the second section, the tax brackets are grouped by filing status. Again, you can see the tax rate in the first column with the income levels that apply to these tax rates in the second column.

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Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for 10%

Tax Rate for MFJ Filers with Taxable Income Between

10% $19,400 or less

Tax Rate for MFS Filers with Taxable Income Between

10% $9,700 or less

Tax Rate for Single Filers with Taxable Income Between

10% $9,700 or less

Tax Rate for HOH Filers with Taxable Income Between

10% $13,850 or less

Tax Rate for QW Filers with Taxable Income Between

10% $9,700 or less

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for 12%

tax rates

Use a calculator to figure out your tax rate.

Tax Rate for MFJ Filers with Taxable Income Between

12% $19,401 to $78,950

Tax Rate for MFS Filers with Taxable Income Between

12% $9,701 to $39,475

Tax Rate for Single Filers with Taxable Income Between

12% $9,701 to $39,475

Tax Rate for HOH Filers with Taxable Income Between

12% $13,851 to $52,850

Tax Rate for QW Filers with Taxable Income Between

12% $19,401 to $78,950

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for 22%

Tax Rate for MFJ Filers with Taxable Income Between

22% $78,951 to $168,400

Tax Rate for MFS Filers with Taxable Income Between

22% $39,476 to $84,200

Tax Rate for Single Filers with Taxable Income Between

22% $39,476 to $84,200

Tax Rate for HOH Filers with Taxable Income Between

22% $52,851 to $84,200

Tax Rate for QW Filers with Taxable Income Between

22% $78,951 to $168,400

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for 24%

Tax Rate for MFJ Filers with Taxable Income Between

24% $168,401 to $321,450

Tax Rate for MFS Filers with Taxable Income Between

24% $84,201 to $160,725

Tax Rate for Single Filers with Taxable Income Between

24% $84,201 to $160,725

Tax Rate for HOH Filers with Taxable Income Between

24% $84,201 to $160,700

Tax Rate for QW Filers with Taxable Income Between

24% $168,401 to $321,450

tax rates

Tax rates are important when you file your tax return.

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for 32%

Tax Rate for MFJ Filers with Taxable Income Between

32% $321,451 to $408,200

Tax Rate for MFS Filers with Taxable Income Between

32% $160,726 to $204,100

Tax Rate for Single Filers with Taxable Income Between

32% $160,726 to $204,100

Tax Rate for HOH Filers with Taxable Income Between

32% $160,701 to $204,100

Tax Rate for QW Filers with Taxable Income Between

32% $321,451 to $408,200

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for 35%

tax rates

Use tax rates when you e-file (or paper file) your annual taxes.

Tax Rate for MFJ Filers with Taxable Income Between

35% $408,201 to $612,350

Tax Rate for MFS Filers with Taxable Income Between

35% $204,101 to $306,750

Tax Rate for Single Filers with Taxable Income Between

35% $204,101 to $510,300

Tax Rate for HOH Filers with Taxable Income Between

35% $204,101 to $510,300

Tax Rate for QW Filers with Taxable Income Between

35% $408,201 to $612,350

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for 37%

Tax Rate for MFJ Filers with Taxable Income Between

37% $612,351 and above

Tax Rate for MFS Filers with Taxable Income Between

37% $306,751 and above

Tax Rate for Single Filers with Taxable Income Between

37% $510,301 and above

Tax Rate for HOH Filers with Taxable Income Between

37% $510,301 and above

Tax Rate for QW Filers with Taxable Income Between

37% $612,351 and above

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for MFJ Filers

The following tax rate table is in effect for those who are married and will file a joint married tax return in 2020 for the tax year 2019.
• 37% for all MFJ income of $612,351 and above;
• 35% for all MFJ income exceeding $408,201;
• 32% for all MFJ income exceeding $321,451;
• 24% for all MFJ income exceeding $168,401;
• 22% for all MFJ income exceeding $78,951;
• 12% for all MFJ income exceeding $19,401 and
• 10% for all MFJ income of $19,400 or less.

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for MFS Filers

The following tax rate table is in effect for those who are married but file separate tax returns in 2020 for the tax year 2019.
• 37% for all MFS income of $306,751 and above;
• 35% for all MFS income exceeding $204,101;
• 32% for all MFS income exceeding $160,726;
• 24% for all MFS income exceeding $84,201;
• 22% for all MFS income exceeding $39.476;
• 12% for all MFS income exceeding $9,701; and
• 10% for all MFS income $9,700 or less.

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for Single Taxpayers

tax rates

You tax rate depends on your marital status and what filing status you choose to file with.

The following tax rate table is in effect for those who are single in 2020 for the tax year 2019.
• 37% for all Single income of $510,301 and above;
• 35% for all Single income exceeding $204,101;
• 32% for all Single income exceeding $160,726;
• 24% for all Single income exceeding $84,201;
• 22% for all Single income exceeding $39.476;
• 12% for all Single income exceeding $9,701; and
• 10% for all Single income $9,700 or less.

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for HOH Filers

The following tax rate table is in effect for those who qualify to be Head of Household in 2020 for the tax year 2019.
• 37% for all HoH income of $510,301 and above;
• 35% for all HoH income exceeding $204,101;
• 32% for all HoH income exceeding $160,701;
• 24% for all HoH income exceeding $84,201;
• 22% for all HoH income exceeding $52,851;
• 12% for all HoH income exceeding $13,851; and
• 10% for all HoH income $13,850 or less.

Tax Rates for the 2019 Tax Year for QW Filers

The following tax rate table is in effect for those who qualify to be QW in 2020 for the tax year 2019. (The rates are the same as that of MFJ).

• 37% for all QW income of $612,351 and above;
• 35% for all QW income exceeding $408,201;
• 32% for all QW income exceeding $321,451;
• 24% for all QW income exceeding $168,401;
• 22% for all QW income exceeding $78,951;
• 12% for all QW income exceeding $19,401 and
• 10% for all QW income of $19,400 or less.

Conclusion

The way that tax rates work is the more you earn, the higher your tax rate. The rates vary depending on your amount of taxable income and on the filing status you use to file your taxes. The tax brackets in this article are grouped into two sections. One is separated by the tax rate, and the other one is divided by the filing status.

Not sure how to file? The IRS has an interactive tool that helps you determine what your tax status is. It only takes 5 minutes to use the tool, so if you are still confused as to how you should file, you should try it. It’s very easy to use.

For more information on filing your taxes in 2020, check out this article:
Filing Taxes in 2020